Industry News

WRAP publishes paper & wood packaging recycling forecasts for 2014-2020

The Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP) has published estimates for the amount of paper and wood packaging likely to be recycled by 2020.

The figures - collected in two different reports (Paper & Card Flow 2020 and Wood Flow 2020) - offer an overview of the quantity of material being placed on the market (POM) and recycled in 2014. The project also projected future POM figures and recycling rates to 2020.

The Paper & Card Flow 2020 report estimated paper and card packaging POM in 2014 at 4,749k tonnes, an increase of 862k tonnes from the estimated current figure.

Key findings include:

  • Using the new POM figure of 4,749k tonnes, the UK achieved a 73% recycling rate in 2014 with 3,470k tonnes of paper and card packaging being recycled by accredited reprocessors or exported.
  • There was an estimated 367k tonnes of unaccredited paper and card packaging reprocessing in 2014 (10% of total recycling).
  • Auto regression projects the recycling rate could rise to 82% by 2020 (if there had been no protocol EN023 update), but applying the revised EA Protocol EN023, updated prior to publication of this report and applicable from 2016, suggests the WRAP – Paper and Card Flow 2020 4 recycling rate could rise to 85% 1 , although stakeholders predict some tapering off by 2020.
  • All scenarios (tapered and auto regression), with and without the amendment to EA protocol being applied, are projected to exceed the Directive 94/62/EC2 target (60%) currently in place up to 2020 for paper and card packaging.
  • EA Protocol EN023 for mixed paper and card requires updating.

Regarding wooden materials, the Wood Flow 2020 report estimated wood packaging POM in 2014 at 1,310k tonnes, an increase of 276k tonnes from the estimated current figure. 

Key findings include:

  • Using the new POM estimate of 1,310k tonnes, the UK achieved a 31% recycling rate in 2014, with 412k tonnes of wood packaging recycled by accredited reprocessors/ exporters;
  • In 2008, there were 940k tonnes of accredited recycling; however, by 2014 this had dropped to 412k tonnes. The project team believes this decrease in accredited recycling is largely due to waste wood packaging being used in end markets which have not raised PRNs such as in biomass. And to a lesser extent due to the PRN value being low in the recent past, meaning some recyclers may not have registered to issue PRNs;
  • There was an estimated 372k tonnes of unaccredited wood packaging recycling in 2014 (47% of total recycling);
  • Recycling projections predict a decrease in accredited recycling (down from 412k tonnes in 2014 to 324k tonnes in 2020), but a slow-down in the rate of decrease Wood Flow 2020 compared to the previous six years. Based on the projected POM estimate for 2020, the UK would achieve a 24% recycling rate in 2020
  • Wood packaging recycling is projected to continue to comply with the Directive target (15%) currently in place to 2020. However, future revisions of this target could put UK compliance at risk.


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FAO FLEGT Programme launches Call for concept notes in VPA countries

The FAO Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Programme (FAO FLEGT Programme) is now accepting concept notes from government institutions, civil society and private sector organizations in timber-producing countries engaged in Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) with the EU.

Eligible VPA Countries include: Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam, Guyana, Honduras.

In addition to a continuing focus on private sector, this Call will also value proposals seeking innovative and effective methods to integrate gender issues in the context of the forest governance aspects that are addressed.

Grants of up to US$ 110 000 are available through the project. The selection of proposals will be done through two phases. In the first phase, all eligible applicants are invited to submit concept notes. In the second phase, proponents of selected concept notes will be asked to submit full project proposals.

The deadline for submission of Concept Notes is 15 September 2016.

The Guidelines for the Call are available here, together with the Concept Note template that can be downloaded here.


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Myanmar national logging ban to run until Spring 2017

The new Government of Myanmar has agreed a temporary national logging ban and a 10-year logging ban in the Pegu Yoma region.

The national logging ban will run until the end of March 2017, in effect closing the forests for one complete logging season. All exports of round logs from the country have been banned since April 2014.

For the duration of the new national ban, Myanmar will rely on stockpiled timber to supply its domestic wood processing industry and the international market; current stockpiles are sufficient to meet current demand for up to three years.

Access to these stockpiles will be controlled by the Myanmar Timber Enterprise (MTE), a Government entity, and the London-based Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) stressed the importance of having controls in place to ensure full chain-of-custody for all stockpile sales to prevent illegally logged timber being laundered through the system.

As denounced by the EIA, between 2010-15, Myanmar lost 546,000 hectares of forests, about 8.5 per cent of its forest cover; only Brazil and Indonesia have worse rates.

A further reform expected to be announced by the Government will prohibit private companies from logging in the country. The MTE previously sub-contracted to private sector firms to carry out logging, many of which had close ties to the former military government and which played a key role in over-harvesting.

Faith Doherty, Team Leader of EIA’s Forests Campaign, said: “This is a decision that demonstrates clear intent to tackle corruption within the forestry sector by Myanmar’s National League for Democracy-led Government, which only came to power in March. Of course, there is no one-policy solution to the problem and much work remains to be done, but this is a hugely encouraging and an optimistic place to start.”


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BVRIO report confirms widespread irregularities in timber from Amazon

The BVRio Institute (iBVRio) has published a new report about the legality status of tropical timber produced in the Brazilian Amazon.

According to the publication - available here - more than 40% of the forest management operations in the Pará e Mato Grosso states are likely to be involved in severe breaches of the law, including timber theft from conservation areas or indigenous reserves, use of slave labour, and/or laundering of stolen timber by defrauding the official control systems. Only 10% of the cases analysed by iBVRio did not show any indication of irregularity.

Theses findings were obtained through big data analysis conducted by BVRio's Due Diligence and Risk Assessment System, cross-checking a wide range of data bases of information gathered from 100% of the logging and timber processing operations in the Pará and Mato Grosso states (which together produce more than 70% of the tropical timber from Brazil) since 2007.

The report also contains a description of the regulatory process for companies operating in the Amazon, the main types of fraud practiced by illegal operators, a review of different approaches for detecting and preventing illegality and a review of the impact of illegal logging on reducing demand for tropical timber from the Amazon.


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